The Criminal Injuries Compensation Board (CICB) is a branch of the Social Justice Tribunals Ontario (SJTO) that can provide financial compensation to victims of violent crime as well as the families of those victims who are deceased. This compensation is assessed and awarded for pain and suffering, loss of income, treatment expenses, funeral costs, and other costs that are a direct result of being the victim of the crime.
Many victims are unaware that this board exists, but in many cases, it could be very beneficial to them. CICB strives to provide the necessary funding so that a victim/family can receive the treatment and support through the challenges that face them after the crime.
Who qualifies to apply to the CICB?
Any person who was injured (physically or psychologically) as the direct result of a violent crime or in the process of attempting to stop a violent crime. Family members of a deceased victim and witnesses to a violent crime can also apply to be compensated for any costs that they have incurred because of the crime. The injuries must be more than transient to be considered for compensation through CICB. Violent crimes can include:
- attempted murder
- firearm offences
- sexual assault
- domestic assault (abuse by a spouse/partner)
- child physical assault
- child sexual abuse
A claim must be made within 2 years of the crime, however, CICB can extend this period if the victim is under the age of 20 or it was a sexual assault. The alleged offender does not have to be convicted of the crime in order for you to submit an application.
Who does not qualify to apply to the CICB?
CICB is unable to provide funding for treatments/costs incurred from the following:
- Harm resulting from crimes committed outside of Ontario
- Damaged, lost or stolen property
- Motor vehicle accidents (except where the vehicle was used deliberately to assault or harm another person)
- Legal fees for criminal court and/or civil suits
- Distress and/or loss of wages for attending criminal court
- Workplace accidents (claim should be filed with the WSIB)
- Accidental deaths
- Pain and suffering of family members who are coping with the injury or death of a loved one, except when the family member:
- came across the scene of the death or injury, and suffered significant psychological injury.
- Monetary loss due to fraud
- Neglect or abandonment of children (except where it amounts to criminal negligence)
- Accidental injuries (slip and falls)
- Negligence by an institution/organization
You will also be ineligible to apply for compensation through CICB if you have waited longer than 2 years and are not under the age of 20 and/or the victim of a sexual assault. Other extensions may be considered, but need to be submitted to the Board in writing.
How does the application process work?
You will need to apply to the CICB to be considered for compensation. The application process can be long, but it should not be discouraging. The forms and procedures can be found here. You should also include all the necessary supporting information regarding the crime and your injuries because of the crime. You will also need to include the invoices/receipts for the costs that you have incurred as a result of your injuries.
After your application is submitted along with the supporting evidence, the CICB will contact you for a hearing of your case. The hearing can be written, oral, or electronic. When you are notified of your hearing, you will be notified of the time, date, location, and type of hearing it will be.
The alleged offender is allowed to participate via phone or video conference, but they are not allowed to attend the hearing in person. They can choose to participate, but they are not obligated to. The CICB does take into account any victims concerns regarding the participation of the offender, so it is important to let them know as soon as possible if you have concerns about the offender participating.
After the hearing, you will be notified of the decision that CICB has made. You can appeal their decision if you are not satisfied with its outcome.
Being the victim of a violent crime is a life-changing and traumatic experience. Many victims struggle throughout the rest of their lives with the injuries sustained during a crime. However, there is a wide range of compensation that many do not know about which can be extremely helpful.
If you or someone you know has been the victim of a violent crime and requires assistance with getting their medical marijuana covered through CICB, please contact us today.